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Theoretical Approaches

There are a number of different theoretical approaches a counsellor can draw upon during the therapeutic relationship with clients to help

foster and cultivate change.


Integrative Approach

Integrative counsellors draw upon many approaches integrating the best and most appropriate theoretical approach to shape their interventions during a dialogic exchange between themselves and the client.  I work in this way, drawing mostly from psychodynamic and TA with the relationship at the heart of my work.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy focuses on unconscious processes and past events, helping to bring an awareness of this into present day difficulties to address unhelpful patterns of relating.  It stems from Freud's psychoanalytic approach which is the oldest of the modern day therapies and includes the work and studies of Carl Jung.

Humanistic Therapy

Humanistic psychotherapy focuses on the individual's own nature, facilitating an environment of self-nourishment, growth, wisdom and healing, with the individual finding self-fulfilment from within.

Existential Therapy

Existentialists focus on the individual’s experience in four sectors of existence (physical, social, psychological and spiritual) whilst acknowledging both our aspirations and limitations in life.  This approach is more philosophical than the other approaches, which could be best described as technique or technical.

Transactional Analysis (TA)

Part of the psychodynamic family, TA is widely recognised and offers theoretical tools and principles to help promote growth and change and you may have come across some its principle concepts

outside of the therapy room.  

Possibly most widely known for it's 'PAC' model (the ego-state concepts of the parent, adult and child), it has often been used to help people within business and industry by helping understand how these ego-states play-out and interact with each other.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is an evidence based practice used for helping to improve mental health.  It centres on developing personal coping strategies and techniques aimed at resolving problems and dilemmas by changing unhelpful cognitive and behavioural patterns such as beliefs, thoughts and attitudes.

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Integrative approach
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